Computer-Presented Video Prompting for Teaching Microwave Oven Use to Three Adults with Developmental DisabilitiesBy Sigafoos, Jeff; O'Reilly, Mark; Cannella, Helen; Upadhyaya, Megha; Edrisinha, Chaturi; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Hundley, Anna; Andrews, Alonzo; Garver, Carolyn; Young, David; Journal of Behavioral Education, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 189-201
Publication Date: September 2005
Study conducted to evaluate the use of a video prompting procedure for teaching three adults with developmental disabilities to make popcorn using a microwave oven. Ten steps were modeled for the participants: (1) remove bag of popcorn from its plastic wrapper; (2) open the door of the microwave oven; (3) place bag of popcorn into the oven right side up; (4) close the door of the microwave oven; (5) press the POPCORN panel to set the timer; (6) press the START panel to start the oven; (7) when the popcorn is finished, as indicated by the bell, open the oven door; (8) remove the bag of popcorn from the oven and close the door; (9) open the bag of popcorn; and (10) pour the popcorn into the bowl and eat. Training was conducted in the kitchen of the participant’s vocational training program. During the baseline phase, the participants were instructed to make popcorn, but were given no prompts or instructions. The video prompting phase allowed the participants to first watch a video clip of a step being performed, while they were then given the opportunity to complete that step. Following acquisition of the requisite skills, video prompting was removed and skill was assessed at two, six, and ten weeks. Two of the three participants acquired the task when video prompting was introduced and performed at an eighty to one-hundred percent correct rate during follow-up sessions. These results suggest that video prompting may be an effective instructional strategy for teaching daily living skills to adults with developmental disabilities. This study was conducted by researchers at the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Bari in Italy, and the Autism Treatment Center of Texas in Dallas and San Antonio.
Published by: Springer US, part of Springer Science & Business Media (Website:http://www.springer.com)