Does the Model Matter? Comparing Video Self-Modeling and Video Adult Modeling for Task Acquisition and Maintenance by Adolescents With Autism Spectrum DisordersBy Cihak, David F.; Schrader, Leigh; Journal of Special Education Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 9-20
Publication Date: 2008
Study compared the effectiveness and efficiency of learning and maintaining vocational chain tasks using video self-modeling and video adult modeling instruction. Study participants were four male adolescents with severe autism, ranging in age from 16 to 21 years. Tasks chosen for two of the participants were making copies and sending a fax, while the remaining two participants were given the tasks of packaging first-aid kits and family dinnerware packs. During the baseline condition of the study, participants were provided with necessary equipment, materials and instructions and asked to complete their tasks. The modeling condition consisted of participants viewing videos of themselves or of an unfamiliar male adult performing the tasks, after which they were prompted to complete the task modeled. Follow-up probes were collected three and six weeks after the modeling conditions to determine if the initial instruction affected participants’ performance over time. Results showed that, although both video modeling conditions were effective for acquiring and maintaining vocational skills, one participant performed more effectively during video self-modeling instruction. Two participants acquired skills more efficiently during video self-modeling instruction, and the fourth participant showed no functional preference for either condition. All participants reported that they preferred watching themselves perform the task. Study limitations and implications for future research are discussed.
Published by: Exceptional Innovations (Website:http://www.exinn.net)
Technology and Media Division (TAM) of the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) (Web Site: http://www.tamcec.org )
Link to text: http://www.tamcec.org/jset-index/does-the-model-matter-comparing-video-self-modeling-and-video-adult-modeling-for-task-acquisition-and-maintenance-by-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
This publication is included in the library of the National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC), accession number J55605