Fundamental Locomotive Activity Time Efficiency With Differently Positioning Drive-Axis Wheelchairs Among EldersBy Wang, Yong Tai; Bernard, Randy; Cope, Clint; Chang, Li-Shan; Limroongreungrat, Weerawat; Sprigle, Stephen; Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 322-334
Publication Date: October 2008
Study examined the time efficiency of wheelchair locomotive activities across four different wheelchairs propelled by seniors using their arms and/or legs. For the study, 16 manual-wheelchair users, 11 women and 5 men ranging in age from 65 to 90 years, propelled their own rear drive-axis wheelchair as well as three wheelchairs with the main drive-axis positioning in front, middle, and rear respectively. Based on their mode of propulsion, participants were assigned to one of 3 groups: arm-only (AOPG), leg-only (LOPG), and arm-leg propelling group (ALPG). Tests were conducted in 7 wheelchair-locomotive activities of daily living: (1) straight moving on level surface; (2) turn in place; (3) moving turn; (4) three-point turn; (5) parallel parking; (6) opening, passing through, and closing a door opening away from participant; and (7) opening, passing through, and closing a door opening toward participant. A Mixed-Model Analysis of Variance and a Bonferroni correction test were employed to determine the time efficiency among the four wheelchairs across the three groups. Results demonstrated better time efficiency from propelling the mid drive-axis wheelchair. The ALPG was more efficient than the other two groups in the selected locomotive activities. Study limitations and implications for future research are discussed.
Published by: Human Kinetics, Inc. (Website:http://www.humankinetics.com)
International Federation of Adapted Physical Activity (IFAPA) (Web Site: http://www.ifapa.biz )
Link to text: http://hk.humankinetics.com/APAQ/viewarticle.cfm?jid=R6wLmMK6B4aQcKB6L2qXxC26T4wDxe48Z6gH&aid=16208&site=R6wLmMK6B4aQcKB6L2qXxC26T4wDxe48Z6gH
This publication is included in the library of the National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC), accession number J56091