Benefit From, Satisfaction With, and Cost-Effectiveness of Three Different Hearing Aid TechnologiesBy Newman, Craig W.Sandridge, Sharon A.; American Journal of Audiology, Vol. 7, No. 2
(Pages: 14) Publication Date: November 1998
Clinical decision-making has become more complex as newer, more costly, hearing aid (HA) technologies become available. The expanding array of more expensive HAs demands that clinical researchers continue to justify the value of these instruments relative to the substantial increase in cost to both the provider and consumer. In the present report, 25 current conventional HA users with adult onset of sensorineural hearing loss were fitted with: (a) a one-channel linear HA; (b) a two-channel, nonlinear HA; and (c) a seven-band, two-channel digital signal processing (DSP) HA. All instruments were mini behind-the-ear units with identifying information removed from the cases. Subjects wore each HA for at least a 1-month period. A set of laboratory (Speech Perception in Noise [SPIN] test; audibility index calculated from real-ear measurements) and self-report (Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit; Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly/Adults; Knowles Hearing Aid Satisfaction Survey; preference ratings) outcome measures were used to evaluate the benefit from, satisfaction with, and cost-effectiveness of each test HA. As expected, there were statistically significant differences between unaided and aided conditions across HAs. Although the DSP instrument yielded significantly higher word recognition scores on the SPIN test, no differences were observed among the test HAs for the standardized self-report measures. In contrast, however, more than 75% of the subjects preferred the "higher end" instruments. Yet, 33% of the subjects changed their preference for the "higher end" instruments after being informed of costs. A cost-effectiveness model for evaluating the relationship between HA retail purchase price and improvements in performance/benefit is presented.
Assistive Products Discussed: ABBREVIATED PROFILE OF HEARING AID BENEFIT (APHAB) FOR WINDOWS
Published by: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (Website:http://www.asha.org)
Link to text: http://asha.edoc.com/aja