Aquatic Sports and Recreation Equipment

December 1992

Introduction

Sports can provide physical activity and recreation that yield psychological and physical benefits. According to Roy J. Shephards study "Benefits of Sport and Physical Activity for the Disabled: Implications for the Individual and for Society," potential benefits include improvement of mood-state, reduction of anxiety and depression, increased self-esteem, improved perceived health, and long-term reduced risk of many chronic diseases.

The number of people with disabilities who engage in sports and other physical activities has increased dramatically in the past decade, due to the growing field of assistive sports equipment. National and international sports associations have formed, and organized competitions for persons with disabilities are now commonplace for many different sports. Whether for competition or simply recreation, however, the sports equipment market is overflowing with devices to get fans off the sidelines and into the sports arena.

In this, the first in a series of ABLEDATA fact sheets on adaptive sports and recreation equipment, we present aquatic sports and recreation devices listed in the ABLEDATA database. Sports equipment of any kind is designed with the users safety in mind, but it must be fitted and employed properly. Questions on the type or model of equipment that will be fun and safe for you should be directed to the product manufacturers, the appropriate sports organization, a posthetist, or therapist.

Swimming

Swimming and other water activities are used in rehabilitation and physical therapy to promote good muscle tone, lung capacity, flexibility, and overall fitness without causing undue pressure on joints or bones. Aquatic activity can be fun and relaxing, and learning to float or swim can lead to participation in other aquatic sports. For advanced swimmers, there are local, national, and international competitions. See the listing at the end of this fact sheet for more information about competitive swimming.

Swimming Aids and Flotation Devices

Flotation devices are designed to keep either a persons entire body or specific parts of the body afloat. Most flotation aids are made of vinyl-coated soft flotation foam with adjustable straps to attach around arms, legs, the torso, the head, or the neck. Sizes are based on the users weight. Flotation devices are good for persons with some head and neck control and to help compensate for uneven weight distribution. In addition to helping a person maintain a horizontal floating position, some models will maintain vertical positions in the water for walking/gait exercises and for games such as water polo.

Swimming aids take a variety of forms, including rings, harnesses, platforms, belts, and bars. Platforms generally allow free movement of the head, arms, and legs while providing buoyancy to the swimmer. Harnesses may or may not have head and neck supports, and are designed to maintain the body in a usual swim position. Flotation bars consist of flotation rings or balls at either end of a plastic bar which the swimmer can grab for kicking exercises, or place under the thighs or arms for resting positions.

For use with upper extremity prostheses, Therapeutic Recreation Systems (TRS, Inc.) makes the Freestyle Therapeutic Swim Device (TSD). The Freestyle TSD has a folding wing design to provide optimal and balanced swimming stroke power while reducing resistance during retrieve. A half-inch threaded fitting adapts to any standard prosthetic wrist, but is best used with a custom shortened swimming prosthesis.

Pool Accessories

Pool Access

A pool lift transfers people with mobility disabilities into a swimming pool. Models vary according to the hoisting and lowering mechanism (hydraulic, drive, or geared lifting mechanisms), whether they are portable or permanent models, whether the lift is self- or attendant-operated, and whether the model is geared towards institutional or residential use. Different models are designed for deck-level pools, above-ground pools, or both. Maximum capacity weights vary from 250 to 400 pounds. Transfer seats may be sling or chair types and most have belt or safety strap options. Some models are available with head supports, chest supports, or adjustable le supports.

Other pool access equipment includes portable or permanent stainless steel ramps with handrails for aided ambulatory or amphibious wheelchair entry into the water, and pool steps descending from a transfer bench or chair for wheelchair users with sufficient upper body strength to ease down each stair. AFW Company of North America manufactures pool ramps with non-slip polyvinylchloride flooring, and handrails and pool access stairs. Triad Technologies markets a set of portable, water-stabilized fiberglass transfer tiers that begin on deck and continue under water. Similarly, the Frost Company has the Handi Pool Ladder made of stainless steel and polyethylene stairs and stainless steel tubing handrails. This models two top steps are removable for non-wheelchair users.

Other Pool Accessories

A stainless steel rail fence can be installed in a pool to limit the swimming area. Removable parallel bars are also sold for aided water ambulation. Movable swimming pool floors, operated by a hydraulic lift, and underwater platforms are another option for making swimming pools accessible to persons with disabilities.

Swim Wear

Adaptive swim wear is available for children and adults who want to participate in water sports or just lounge around the pool. Bioenergetics Inc. makes a lightweight buoyant swim vest designed to hold persons with physical disabilities in a floating position. The Equipment Shop and Special Clothes for Special Children manufacture vests made of regular wet suit material (non-buoyant) to protect and insulate the upper body against loss of body heat. Special Clothes for Special Children and Danmar Products make cotton or cotton lycra swim suits that have full-length side zippers, snap or velcro fasteners, or g-tube access opening options. Water Ear Muffs 8732, also by Danmar Products, can be used for holding ear molds, ear plugs, or wax molds in place to prevent water from entering the ear during exercise or play. A Do-it-Yourself entry in the ABLEDATA database contains designs for mens swimming trunks with side zippers and a pocket to hold a catheter bag.

Amphibious Wheelchairs

Several companies have developed non-corrosive aquatic wheelchairs for use in swimming and therapy pools, and at lakes and beaches. The Steel Wheel Aquatic Chair by Interior Mediquip Ltd. has a stainless steel frame, plastic mag wheels, combination durable plastic and stainless steel wheel locks and footrests, and two nylon web seat belts with velcro closures for the chest and waist areas. Forward Motion sells the Sand-Rik, a rickshaw-like floating, reclining wheelchair with support for legs in the extended position. The Sand-Rik is a beach wheelchair of ABS plastic with fabric cushions that are resistant to weather and salt air. The Roleez Al-Terrain Sport Wheeler, made of aluminum, can be used at the pool or beach as a wheelchair alternative for all-terrain access. It is pushed from behind with an adjustable, detachable handle. The Sport Wheeler has three wheels with 18-inch balloon tires that roll easily in sand where normal tires would sink. Since the wheels do not contain metal, they can be totally submersed in water without causing damage. The companion model by Roleez is the rickshaw-style All-Terrain Fun Wheeler. Made with the same materials as the Sport Wheeler, the Fun Wheeler is designed for transporting children and small adults at the beach, on nature trails, or other terrain where a conventional wheelchair would have difficulty traversing. The Beachmaster 900 by Beach Wheels Inc. is another amphibious wheelchair to be used at the pool or beach. The folding, portable wheelchair has a stainless steel frame and axles and four-inch stainless steel bands that roll easily on sand and into the water.

Water Skiing

The Quickie Shadow1 line of adaptive sports equipment features three models of KAN SKI water skis for all levels of ability: the Freedom, for beginner or quadriplegic skiers; the Comp I, for intermediate level skiers; and the Super Comp, a high performance competition ski for advanced skiers. The KAN SKI was designed for persons with disabilities such as leg amputations, cerebral palsy, spinal bifida, and spinal cord injuries. The Freedom is made of reaction injection molded fiberglass with a graphite insert. It has a wider (15-inch) flat bottom for greater stability and a lower cage design than the more advanced models. Other features on this learning and recreational ski are a rope guide, notch and block stabilizing tunnel, and dual fin. The Comp I has foam core wet-wrapped graphite reinforced fiberglass construction and a 13-inch wide custom concave bottom for executing sharp turns. The Comp I has an adjustable, padded high cage seat design that is adaptable for trick skiing. This model has a rocker design with a single jet fin. The Super Comp is similar to its predecessor, Comp I, but has been specially designed for the advanced skier. It has the thinnest bottom width of only 11 inches, a competition rear bevel concave bottom, and pro jet fin. All KAN SKI models have height adjustable cages (short, medium, or tall) foam padded side rails and knee bar with packcloth cover, and stamped aluminum footplates with neoprene cover and strap. Shadow water skis also have adjustable Cordura upholstery to suit paraplegics and amputees.

The Ski-Seat, by Water Sport Industries, is designed with two standard size skis connected with steel tubes. A vinyl covered cushion seat is shock-mounted on the tubing with stainless steel pins imbedded in neoprene rubber. The ski unit is 31 inches wide and the skier sits 15 inches above the skis. A new feature of the Ski-Seat is a knock-down kit, that allows the user to disconnect the skis from the bar for transport and storage. The Ski-Seat, as in standard water skiing, is steered by leaning in the direction the rider wishes to turn. The Ski-Seats patented steering mechanism allows the skier to cut and jump wakes and perform slaloms. Water Sport Industries recommends the Ski-Seat for recreation or competition by children and adults, beginners or experts.

Boating

While owning a boat is indiscriminately expensive for everyone, regardless of whether a person has a disability or not, adaptive sailboats, catamarans, kayaks, and canoes are available. Canoes are especially well-suited for persons with mobility impairments due to their inherent stability. The Poke Boat is an adapted canoe-kayak style boat with a 32-inch beam for improved stability. This 12-foot, two-person boat weighs only 28 pounds, but has a weight capacity of up to 450 pounds. The Vagabond is another two-person canoe with adaptable seating arrangements for one person paddling. Most canoes are long enough and wide enough to store a wheelchair along with other gear. Seat adjustments or adaptations are the most necessary for individuals with mobility disabilities in order to lower their center of gravity in the boat and therefore increase stability. Persons with visual impairments can also enjoy canoeing and kayaking when paired with a sighted navigator, and no special equipment is necessary. The ABLEDATA database contains Do-It-Yourself entries that contain designs for modified paddles for persons with limited hand function or upper extremity amputees, and for a modified dock that allows easy access in and out of canoes and kayaks from a chair.

Freedom Independence is a commercially available adapted sailboat for adults with physical disabilities. A total of 57 cubic feet of foam flotation makes the boat unsinkable. Even the carbon fiber mast contains foam flotation. The seats are counterweighted to bring sailors to windward, and lock in place by hand. The cockpit controls are all within easy reach. Freedom Independence is a 20-foot vessel with a sail area of 230 square feet. The Samba, a Swedish sailboat, has a swivel seat, allowing the sailor to remain seated while under sail. The Challenger is a British designed-trimaran (three-hulled craft) that features easy wheelchair-to-cockpit transfer, customized seats equipped with polystyrene granules to contour to the sailors body, and a sail-tensioning device in front of the mast that allows the whole rig to rotate. Minimal body movement is needed to sail this boat, which was specifically designed for a paraplegic sailor. The Sunbird is a 15-foot dinghy with a 300-pound retractable keel, making it virtually impossible to capsize. This small boat has a joystick tiller and access to all controls is within the sailors reach. There is no need to move about in this boat, since sailing it can be done entirely in a seated position. Although there is room for a passenger, the Sunbird is a single-handed vessel.

The National Ocean Access Project (NOAP), which acts as a distributor for the Freedom Independence, also sells modified fiberglass seats for sailboats that rotate freely from port to starboard, a full 360 degrees. On Board Development manufactures a fiberglass platform to stabilize wheelchairs on boats. The platform is bracketed to the deck and both front and rear wheels of the chair fit into parallel troughs. Straps cross through the center axle to hold the chair in place.

Sailing and rowing races, regattas, and other boating competitions are now held regularly around the world. If you are a beginner, however, you might contact a few places that teach sailing or boating techniques before heading for the races, and NOAP is a good first call to find out about instructional or rental facilities in your area. Another resource is the National Handicapped Sports and Recreation Association (NHS). NHS has 86 chapters and affiliates around the country which provide instruction clinics and competitions in various sports as well as recreational outings.

Conclusion

Barriers to articipation in sports by persons with disabilities are disappearing rapidly, due to both the adventurous spirit of sports fans and athletes with disabilities and to the ingenuity of assistive technology. For more detailed information on the products mentioned in this fact sheet (such as specifications and pricing), please contact the ABLEDATA offices or call the manufacturer directly. New products are launched on the market every day, and ABLEDATA doesnt have all of them listed yet. If you know of, have used, or have developed a device or piece of equipment that will assist a person with a disability to perform a sport or recreational activity, please contact the ABLEDATA staff. ABLEDATAs goal is to provide the most comprehensive database of assistive technology possible, in order to give you information on the most options available.


Company and Products Directory

AFW COMPANY OF NORTH AMERICA
201 North Union Street
Olean, NY 14760
716/372-2935

AQUATIC ACCESS INC.
417 Dorsey Way
Louisville, KY 40223
800/325-5438 or 502/425-5817

AQUATIC THERAPY
123 Haymac
Kalamazoo, MI 49004
616/349-9049

ARJO CENTURY INC
6380 West Oakton Street
Morton Grove, IL 60053
800/323-1245 or 708/967-0360

BEACH WHEELS INC
1555 Shadow Lawn Drive
Naples, FL 33942
813/775-1078

BEMA USA INC
2015 Weaver Park Drive
PO Box 4280
Clearwater, FL 33518
813/446-2362

BIOENERGETICS INC
2790 Montgomery Highway
Pelham, AL 35124
800/433-2627 or 205/664-0676

DANMAR PRODUCTS INC
221 Jackson Industrial Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
800/783-1998 or 313/761-1990

EQUIPMENT SHOP
PO Box 33
Bedford, MA 01730
617/275-7681

FORWARD MOTION
RT 15, Box 125
Mechanicsville, VA 23111
804/746-4088

FROST COMPANY
6523 14th Avenue
Kenosha, WI 53141
414/658-4301

GUARDIAN PRODUCTS INC.
A Sunrise Medical Company
12800 Wentworth Street
Arleta, CA 91331-4522
800/255-5022 or 818/504-2820

HANDI MOVE NV
c/o T F Herceg Inc (Distributor)
98 Ridge Road, Chester, NY 10918,
914/469-6438

HUGHES TOY COMPANY
24675 Glenwood Drive
Los Gatos, CA 9503
408/353-2136

INTERIOR MEDIQUIP LTD
3401 33rd Avenue
Vernon, British Columbia V1T 8Z7
CANADA
604/542-1363 or 604/542-1611

J & B FOAM FABRICATORS INC
PO Box 144
Ludington, MI 49431
800/621-3626 or 616/843-2448

JAYFRO CORP
976 Hartford
Waterford, CT 06385
203/447-3001

LIFEGUARD LIFT INC
95 Monument Plaza
Pleasant Hill, CA 94523
415/66-4664

NATIONAL OCEAN ACCESS PROJECT (NOAP)
33141 Farragut Station
Washington, DC 20003
301/217-9736

NORTHERN PLASTICS CORP
6733 Myers Road
East Syracuse, NY 13057
315/463-1431

QUICKIE DESIGNS
(Formerly Magic In Motion)
20604 84th Avenue South
Kent, WA 98032
800/342-1579 or 206/872-0722

ROLEEZ
5711A Sellger Drive
Norfolk, VA 23502
800/369-1390 or 804/461-1122

SPECIAL CLOTHES FOR SPECIAL CHILDREN
PO Box 4220
Alexandria, VA 22303
703/683-7343

SPECTRUM POOL PRODUCTS
9600 Inspiration Drive
Missoula, MT 59802
406/543-5309

SPIREX
1506 Kamloops Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
CANADA VSK 3W2
604/255-2777

TED HOYER AND CO
2222 Minnesota Street
Oshkosh, WI 54901
414/231-7970

Distributor: G E Miller Inc
540 Nepperhan Ave
Yonkers, NY 10701
800/431-2924 or 914/969-4036

TRS INC - THERAPEUTIC RECREATION SYSTEMS
1280 28th Street Suite 3
Boulder, CO 80303-1797
800/621-8385 or 303/444-4720

TRIAD TECHNOLOGIES
219 Lamson Street
Syracuse, NY 13206
800/729-7514

WATER SPORT INDUSTRIES
765 N. Dodsworth Avenue
Covina, CA 91724-2408
800/767-7328 or 818/967-1351

The records in the ABLEDATA database are provided for information purposes only. Neither the U.S. Department of Education nor Macro International Inc., have examined, reviewed, or tested any product, device, or information contained in ABLEDATA. The Department and ORC Macro make no endorsement, representation, or warranty express or implied as to any products, device, or information set forth in ABLEDATA.


Aquatic Sports Organizations

Access to Sailing
19744 Beach Boulevard
Suite 340
Huntington Beach, CA 92648
714/722-5371

American Canoe Association
7432 Alban Station Boulevard
Suite B-226
Springfield, VA 22150
703/451-0141

American Water Ski Association
Phil Martin, Aquatics Director
Disabled Ski Committee
Camp ASCCA, PO Box 21
Jackson Gap, AL 36861
205/825-9226

Blind Outdoor Leisure Association
533 East Main Street
Aspen, CO 81611
303/925-8922

Chesapeake Region Accessible Boating
ATTN: Mike Garfinke
1800 Revell Highway
Annapolis, MD 21401
410/974-2628

Courageous Sailing Center
ATTN: Dru Slattery
1 First Avenue
Charlestown Navy Yard
Parris Building
Charlestown, MA 02129
617/725-3263

Disabled Sailing Association of British Columbia
1300 Discovery Street
Vancouver, British Columbia V6R 4L9
CANADA
604/222-3003

Footloose Sailing Association
ATTN: Kyle R. Sugamele
4509 Interlake Avenue North, PMB#142
Seattle, WA 98103
206/382-2680

Great Lakes Sailing Association for the Physically Disabled
ATTN: Dan Rustman
150 W. Jefferson, Suite 900
Detroit, MI 48220
313/225-7061

Handicapped Scuba Association
1104 El Prado
San Clemente, CA 92672
303/933-4864 (ask for Michelle) or 714/498-6128

Lake Merritt Adapted Boating Program
568 Bellvue Avenue
Oakland, CA 94610
510/444-3807

National Ocean Access Project (NOAP)
Ed Harrison
PO Box 33141, Farragut Station
Washington, DC 20033-0141
301/217-9736

Operation Able/Sail
ATTN: Michael Dunn
PO Box 2005, Station A
Moncton, New Brunswick
Canada E1C 8H7
506/857-3988

Physically Challenged Swimmers of America/NWAA
Joan Karpuk
22 William Street #225
South Glastonbury, CT 06073
203/548-4500

Sea Legs
ATTN: Ken Craig
380 Bleeker Street Suite 154
New York, NY 10014
718/987-6837

Shake-A-Leg
PO Box 1002
Newport, RI 02840
401/849-8898
or
2600 S. Bayshore Drive
Miami, FL 31333
305/858-5550

US Rowing Association
Adaptive Rowing Committee
Richard Tobin
11 Hall Place
Exeter, NH 03833
603/778-0315

US Sailing Association
Committee on Sailors with Special Needs
PO Box 209
Newport, RI 02840
401/849-5200


Multi-Sport Organizations

Canadian Wheelchair Sports Association
1600 James Naismith Drive
Gloucester, Ontario KIB 5N4
CANADA
613/748-5685

Eastern Amputee Athletic Association
Jack Graff, President
2080 Ennabrock Road
North Bellmore, NY 11710
516/826-8340

International Sports Organization for the Disabled (ISOD)
Stoke Mandeville Spots Stadium
Harvey Road, Aylesbury
Bucks, ENGLAND HP2 1PP

National Handicapped Sports and Recreation Association (NHS)
451 Hungerford Drive
Suite 100
Rockville, MD 20850
301/217-0960

United States Cerebral Palsy Athletic Association
34518 Warren Road #264
Westland, MI 48185
313/425-8961

United States Association for Blind Athletes (USABA)
Art Copeland
55 West California Avenue
Beach Haven Park, NJ 08008


Resources and Related Reading

The NARIC collection has many documents on sports and recreation for persons with disabilities. The following selection provides an introduction to the topic of adapted aquatics. Although one of NARICs services is document delivery, copyright law prevents them from photocopying some of the documents listed below; you may be able to find them in your local library, or the local library may be able to obtain them through the inter-library loan program. Where possible, ordering information has been included.

Access Information Bulletin: Swimming Pools, National Center for a Barrier Free Environment, Washington, DC, 1980. Written by Barrier Free Environments, Inc., and available from NARIC. NARIC accession number R00593. Describes accessible swimming pools including general requirements, steps, raised coping or edge, ramps, lifts, movable pool floors. Includes resources and diagrams.

Water Sports for the Disabled, British Sports Association for the Disabled Water Sports Division, Wakefield, England: E P Publishing, 1983. Handbook on safe participation in water sports for disabled people. Discusses risk, medical and safety considerations, training needed for each sport and special equipment. Also discusses water sports for mentally disabled people, hypothermia, clothing, equipment, insurance, access and facilities. Includes photographs and drawings.

Wheelchair Athletics: Support by Sport, Rx Home Care, Vol. 6, No. 7, July 1984. pp. 43-44. NARIC accession number J3182. Discusses sports wheelchairs and the importance of sports as part of building self image. Emphasizes the opportunity to offer newly disabled individuals an outlet in wheelchair sports. Includes photographs.

Barker, L. (ed.). Manual for Teaching Swimming to the Disabled, Canadian Red Cross Society Toronto, Canada. Available for $13.50 (Canadian dollars) from the Canadian Red Cross Society, Ontario Division, 5700 Cancross Court, Mississauga, ON, Canada L5R3E9; or contact Water Safety Services at 416/890-1000. Purchase orders will be invoiced at current exchange rates. Manual designed to assist in special swimming programs for the disabled people. Discusses the aims and objectives of such a program and the value of swimming for disabled people. Describes and illustrates methods of teaching swimming to persons with physical, sensory or cognitive disabilities.

Bond, R F. Swimming for Self-Confidence and Fun, Exceptional Parent, Vol. 19, No. 2, March 1989, pp. 38-44. NARIC accession number J11328. Suggested guidelines for a community-based swimming program for physically and mentally disabled children. Description of program emphasizing teaching both children and adults with a wide range of disabilities to achieve standard Red Cross levels of swimming proficiency. Incentives for learning, class structure, and instructional techniques described. Advice for parents who wish to find or start a swimming program for their child.

Driessen, P.K. Leaving Their Wheels Behind: Disabled Scuba Divers Explore the Mysteries of the Sea, Independent Living, Vol. 4, No. 2, May/June 1989, pp. 55-59. NARIC accession number J13098. A feature article describing scuba diving for wheelchair users. The body of this article focuses on disabled divers. Diver stories are revieed, all positive, and not all by athletically minded people. As is the case for any diver, the important things about diving for the disabled are good training, good judgment, and good physical condition.

Kelly, Jerry D., PhD, and Frieden, Lex, (eds). GO FOR IT! A Book on Sport and Recreation for Persons with Disabilities, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989. Out of print. NARIC accession number R06053. Introduces readers to opportunities available in sports and recreation for people with disabilities. Book is directed mainly to people with physical and sensory disabilities and offers many activities unique to Americans. Includes chapters on team and individual sports, outdoor sports and recreation, aquatics, track and field, winter sports, dance, regional games, and fitness.

Lapin, A. Pool Therapy for Children with Cystic Fibrosis, Tot Line, Section on Pediatrics, APTA. Vol 13., No 2., Summer 1987, pp. 18-20. NARIC accession number J19493. Describes a pool therapy program for children with cystic fibrosis, and presents suggestions for establishing similar programs in other areas. Specific topics include: indications for pool therapy; the proper pool environment; safety considerations; swimming with central lines; scheduling the classes; equipment; general guidelines; the initial patient evaluation; goals of pool therapy; children/adolescent/adult groups; subjective end points (symptomatic signs of hypoxia); physiological effects of pool therapy; and contraindications.

Marano, C; DeMarco, E. New Design and Construction for a Swimming Prosthesis, Orthotics and Prosthetics, Vol. 38, No. 1, Spring 1984, American Orthotic and Prosthetic Association VA, pp. 45-49, 1984. NARIC accession number J1756. Describes a design for a lower limb prosthesis used for swimming. The prosthesis is constructed with a large central chamber through which water can enter and exit quickly, and has a water-repellent foot to reduce deterioration. Cites the benefits of swimming and discusses the need for a prosthetic swimming device that provides a safe means for ambulation, protection against trauma to the residual limb, constancy of residual limb volume during swimming, and safety in the shower. Describes the process of alignment and fitting. Includes photographs and 3 references.

Mayse, J.S. Aquacise and Aquafitness for Adapted Aquatics, Palaestra, Vol. 7, No. 2, Winter 1991, pp. 54-56. NARIC accession number J19688. Describes aquacise and aquafitness programs for students with mental retardation and other handicapping conditions. The article first reviews the value of water exercise and the recommended pool environment for individuals with disabling conditions. Also describes an aquacise program and suggested activities and music for the warm-up, exercise, and cool-down phases. Describes an aquafitness program, including the schedule of exercises needed for the lower, middle, upper, and total body. Descriptions of the specific workout activities are included.

Paciorek, M.J. and Jones, J.A. Sports and Recreation for the Disabled: A Resource Handbook, Benchmark Press, 1989. New edition due out in June 1993 from Brown and Benchmark, 2460 Kerper Boulevard, Dubuque, IA 52001; 800/338-5578. Estimated cost for 1993 edition is $25.95. Presents information on sports and recreation for people with disabilities aimed at professionals who provide services to people with disabilities and for persons with disabilities interested in leading active, exciting lifestyles. Book is structured for easy retrieval of information about activities and modifications in equipment. Detailed data presented on all-terrain vehicles, boating, fishing, scuba diving, swimming, water skiing, and many other sports. The six appendices include listings of lightweight wheelchair manufacturers, sports organizations, and associations.

Shephard, R. J. Benefits of Sport and Physical Activity for the Disabled: Implications for the Individual and for Society. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol. 23, No. 2, 1991. NARIC accession number J20642. Paper examines potential benefits of sports and physical activity for people with disabilities. Includes issues of termiology about sports; sports for persons with disabilities; and psychological, social, health, and economic (medical care costs) benefits of physical activity.


Sports Publications for Athletes with Disabilities

Disabled Outdoors Magazine. 5223 South Lorel Avenue, Chicago, IL 60638. 312/284-2206. Articles, product descriptions, accessible resort listings, and personal accounts pertaining to outdoor activities including fishing, hunting, boating, and camping. Quarterly.

Handicapped Sport Report. National Handicapped Sports, 1145 19th Street NW, Suite 717, Washington, DC 20036. Information about organizational activities such as ski and fitness programs, scheduled events and highlights, news from the organizations chapters.

Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. Dr. Gary L. Smidt, The University of Iowa, S-114, Westlawn, Iowa City, IA 52242. Research studies, case studies, commentaries, abstracts of current literature, book reviews, new products and opportunities for training.

Palaestra. Challenge Publications, Ltd., P.O. Box 508, Macomb, IL 61455. 309/833-1902. Articles on sports, recreation, and physical education for people with physical or developmental disabilities. Research applications, sport nutrition, audiovisual and book reviews, new products, personal training profiles, and a calendar of events are included.

Special Recreation Digest. 362 Koser Avenue, Iowa City, IA 52246-3038. 319/337-7578. Information on programs, services, publications, meetings, materials, and special recreation needs of people with disabilities. Quarterly.

NewMobility (formerly Spinal Network Extra). PO Box 4162, Boulder, CO 80306. 800/338-5412; 303/449-5412. Articles and features, letters to the editor, sports news, and information about new books and upcoming events. Quarterly.

SPORTS N SPOKES. Paralyzed Veterans of America, 5201 North 19th Avenue, Suite 111, Phoenix, AZ 85015. 602/246-9426. Articles and features on all wheelchair competitive sports and recreation. Includes listings of sports organizations and associations, calendar of events, and annual survey of lightweight wheelchairs. Bimonthly.

Vision (Previously SportsScoop). USABA, 33 North Institute Street, Suite 105, Colorado Springs, CO 80903. 719/630-0422. News, announcements, and activities of the United States Association for Blind Athletes (USABA). Reports on local, regional, national, and international sports events and information for persons with visual impairments. Quarterly.

Magic In Motion, Inc., original manufacturer of the KAN SKI and other Shadow products, was acquired by the Quickie Designs division of Sunrise Medical. The entire line of Shadow adaptive equipment will still be available under this new management with Magic In Motion founder and world-class athlete Jim Martinson continuing to be instrumental in the design and marketing of these products.


This fact sheet was produced by ABLEDATA. ABLEDATA is funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) under contract number ED-02-CO-0038 and is operated by ORC Macro.
ABLEDATA
8630 Fenton Street, Suite 930
Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA
Telephone: 800-227-0216 toll free in the U.S.;
301-608-8998 local call in the Washington, D.C. area.
TT: 301-608-8912.
Fax: 301-608-8958.
All ABLEDATA publications, the ABLEDATA database of assistive technology, and other ABLEDATA resources are available on the ABLEDATA Web site, http://www.abledata.com.